The House (history)

The House (history)


The House (history)

The house in 40 Vase Pelagića Street, built in 1896 on 88 acres of land, as a vineyard house or a summer house on Senjak, was the property of the merchant Djordje Pavlović. It was designed in the Neo-Renaissance style with Baroque elements and it was a typical representative of a vineyard villa of the time.

When King Petar I Karadjordjević, returned from the First World War after five years, in 1919, there was a need for a house in a peaceful neighbourhood of Belgrade for the King to live in. The house of the merchant Djordje Pavlović was chosen, and King Petar would spend the last two years of his life there. King Petar I Karadjordjević moved into the house on Senjak on 24 September 1919 and he lived in it until 16 August 1921. King Petar I passed away in this house.

Since the 1920s there was an initiative to convert the house on Senjak, where King Petar I Karadjordjević lived, into the Museum of the ‘Liberator’ King. With that intention, the house was bought from the merchant Pavlović in 1924 and assigned to the Ministry of Education. The Ministry of Education set up the Museum Committee with the intention to restore the house in its original state and open the museum. The fence façade was then improved and a new gate erected. The gate built in 1926 was one of the most beautiful in Belgrade. The building of the gate was entrusted to the master contractor Branko Filipović on the 17 March 1926 and the inscription ‘The Museum of King Petar I the Liberator’ was approved. The inscription also had the information about the king’s year of birth (1844), the year of his ascension to the throne (1903) and the year of his death (1921). The letters were made from gilded copper, and their form was taken from the ‘Miroslav’s Gospel’. The lettering was entrusted to Božidar Kosović’s construction-tinsmith shop. In the 1920s, the artwork for the museum was commissioned from Uroš Predić and Aleksandar Derok, but the museum itself was never opened. After 1945, the house in 40 Vase Pelagića Street had a turbulent history, and it was not until 2010 that it was adapted into a modern cultural centre on the initiative of the Municipality of Savski venac.

A hundred-year-old family villa on Senjak was transformed into a representative, highly-functional facility intended for the organization of diverse cultural manifestations, from exhibitions, concerts, literary evenings, panel discussions, theatre plays, educational and creative workshops, to  conferences, presentations and fashion shows, with the aim of reaching the broadest possible audience. Extremely pleasant atmosphere of the 350 m2 House, with 8 rooms on three floors, offers the possibility of organizing different events.

In 2013, the House of King Petar I was legally merged with the Children’s Cultural Centre ‘Majdan’, a cultural institution whose founder is the Municipality of Savski venac. Since then, these two facilities have operated as one, with a unique program and editorial concept, applying contemporary models of management in culture and innovative approaches in organizing cultural events and bringing them closer to the audience.

The garden around the House of King Petar I is protected as the surroundings of a cultural monument, and there are two natural, botanical monuments in it – magnolia and ginkgo trees, the latter being a protected natural resource. Dendrometric characteristics of the magnolia trunk are as follows – height 9.77 m; diameter 1.74 m; age 110 years. Dendrometric characteristics of the ginkgo trunk are as follows – height 20.23 m; diameter 2.60 m; age around 110 years.

With its diverse content and attractive position on the slopes of the old Topčider vineyards, surrounded by a garden, the House of King Petar I is a must-see destination on Belgrade’s cultural map.

king petar house history